Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral - Sightseeing Tour

Resslova 9a, Praha 2 - Nové Město

Sightseeing tour

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Address:Resslova 9a, Praha 2 - Nové Město
Capacity:100
Winter heating:Yes
Wheelchair access:No
Reviews: (6)

Choose your tour. Visit the memorial of the famous WWII Operation Anthropoid. 

The Orthodox Cathedral of Ss Cyril and Methodius was originally a catholic church. Built in 1736 by Kilián Ignác Dientzenhofer and Pavel Ignác Bayer, it was dedicated to St. Charles Borromeo. 

The church was deconsecrated in the reforms of Emperor Joseph II and in 1785, with the neighboring house for retired priests, it was converted into a military depot and barracks.

In 1921, the Czechoslovak Orthodox Church was founded, and gained then unused temple, which they reconstructed and it became the main Orthodox Church of Czech lands and a cathedral, seat of bishop. 

Today, the Cathedral of Ss Cyril and Methodius is most known due to Operation Anthropoid.

After the successful assassination on Reichsprotektor Reinhardt Heydrich on 27tn May 1942, the group of seven brave Czechoslovak paratroopers were offered a shelter in Church´s krypt. Unfortunately, after few days, the SS troops discovered them and attacked the church. The paratroopers resisted and in last minute, before the SS would capture them, they committed suicide. Their last words were: "We will not surrender. Never. We are Czech." 

The Operation Anthropoid resulted in furious vengeance of the Nazis. The towns Lidice and Ležáky were exterminated, all men killed, women and children abducted in the concentration camps. Bishop Gorazd and other representatives of the Czech Orthodox Church and their family members were executed for sheltering paratroopers. Nowadays, in the Church and in the crypt is the National Monument to the Heroes of the Terror of Heydrich.

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