Visit the most beautiful square in Prague!
The Old Town Square, surrounded with historical buildings and magnificent churches, is Prague´s oldest and the most important square. The monuments such as Old Town City Hall with Astronomical Clock, Church of Our Lady before Tyn or Gothic Stone Bell House are a must see for all lovers of history, architecture and beautiful sites.
Old Town City Hall
is world famous for unique medieval Astronomical Clock decorating its front side. You can see a parade of 12 apostles appearing every hour in the windows.
dating back to 14th century is a second most important church of Prague. Combination of Gothique style with Baroque decoration in the church interior is just breathtaking! Walt Disney is said to draw the Sleeping Beauty Castle as he was inspired by the Tyn Church towers.
belongs to the most beautiful Baroque churches in Prague.
The House At The Stone Bell
This precious Gothic palace dating back to 13th century was probably built for the royal family, and it is said that Emperor Charles IV was born here.
The Kinsky Palace
The Kinsky Palace is said to be the most beautiful Rococo building in Prague. Kafka used to attend the German speaking high school located here in 19th century. Today, the Kinsky palace is a seat of the National Gallery.
Jan Hus monument
The monument of Jan Hus, famous Czech protestant reformer who was burnt as a heretic in 1415, is situated on the Old Town Square since 1915.
Since the middle ages, the Old Town Square used to be a main Prague´s square and market place where exotic goods were sold. It had many names during the centuries : the Big Square, the Old Market or the Large Old Town Square. The present name dates from the end of the 19th century.
The Square used to host knight tournaments, celebrations, artistic events, etc. It witnessed many crucial historical events such as the election of Jiri of Podebrady as the King of Bohemia in 1458, executions and fightings. Demonstrations, marches and parades take place on the Square even today.
The Jewish Quarter
The Jewish Quarter in Prague is located between the Old Town Square and the Vltava River. Its history dates from the 13th century, when Jewish people were ordered to vacate their homes and settle in one district.
The Jews were banned from living anywhere else in Prague for centuries and many people then arrived from Moravia, Germany, Austria and Spain.
Fortunately, most of the significant historical buildings were saved from destruction, and today they remain a testimony to the history of the Jews in Prague. They form the best preserved complex of historical Jewish monuments in the whole of Europe.
There are six synagogues in the Jewish Quarter, including the Spanish Synagogue and Old-New Synagogue, the Jewish Ceremonial Hall, and the Old Jewish Cemetery, the largest one in Europe.
The monuments luckily survived the Nazi occupation since Adolf Hitler decided to preserve the Jewish Quarter as a “Museum of an Extinct Race”.