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Kutná Hora |
360 minutes |
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Kutná Hora is a medieval mining town founded in the 13th century. Town is famous for its silver mines and it has preserved its medieval town character to date and is rightfully included on the UNESCO list of the most important cultural heritage of the Czech Republic. Great to visit all year round.
See meeting point on the map (Náměstí Republiky 3, Prague 1)
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The city is located in the Central Bohemian Region. Kutná Hora was inhabited as early as in the 10th century, but blossomed into town in the 13th century when the silver was discovered in the area. Silver mining brought great wealth to the town.
The royal mint was established in early 14th century during the reign of King Wenceslas II and Kutná Hora started producing the Prague groschen coins. It became the second most important town in the Kingdom of Bohemia. During the 16th century, the mines begun run dry and the town´s treasure soon became a history...
is a Roman Catholic church built in Gothic style. The church is dedicated to St. Barbara - the patron of the miners. The construction took nearly 500 years. The first architect is said to be Johann Parléř (son of Petr Parléř, the famous architect of St. Vitus Cathedral and Charles Bridge in Prague).
You will be captivated by the interior full of Gothic and Renaissance paintings. Part of the UNESCO Heritage and one of the most stunning churches in Europe, be sure to have enough time to explore the St. Barbara´s Cathedral.
is the former Royal Mint where the silver coins were produced during the Kutná Hora´s time of wealth and glory in the middle ages. The original treasury rooms hold an exhibit on coins and minting. The complex of buildings is now used as a City Hall as well as museum.
The Gothic stone fountain on Rejsek Square was built in the 15th century by architect Matěj Rejsek (who also worked on the Church of St. Barbara and is the author of Powder Tower in Prague). The large fountain has twelve sides, is four meters tall and originally had a hexagonal roof.
The fountain used to supply water to Kutná Hora when local water supply was cut off during the silver mining. Water was brought in through wooden pipes from a well few kilometers away. After dark you can enjoy the sight of the fountain being beautifully lit up.
If you like unusual things, this place should be on your list of places to see. The ossuary is located around 1 km away from the Kutná Hora train station - you can get there by either train, bus or taxi. The ossuary is in the undeground chapel of the Church of All Saints which was founded in the 13th century.
The present appearance is the work of a woodcarver František Rint who was commissioned in 1870 to decorate the chapel. For that he used bewteen 40 000 - 70 000 bones. His fantastic creations include a coat of arms of the local aristocratic Schwarzenberg family and a chandelier that contains every bone in the human body.
If you are visiting the Ossuary, take a short walk to the Cathedral which is also on the UNESCO World Heritage site. The cathedral was built in the High Gothic style in the 13th century on the ruins of old church and it was the most magnificent church in the Kingdom of Bohemia. The church was burnt down by the Hussites and was again refurbished in the 18th century in the Baroque Gothic style.
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